General Motors uses letter codes to signify which chassis layout, or body type, the vehicle has. This is useful since GM consists of many different makes such as Chevrolet, Oldsmobile, Pontiac, Buick, and Cadillac. Many of these brands share platform types with each other. It isn’t some secret, alphabetic code that GM fans are privileged to. It is really quite simple. Each platform has changed somewhat over the years so we’ll walk through them in more or less chronological order.
This is a 12 valve 2.8L VR6 engine out of a 2001 Volkswagen Jetta. This engine can be particularly complicated to tear down due to the rear engine timing and the need of a few special tools. Having a rear timing camshaft makes for some difficulties when removing the lower timing cover. For this, there are stand adapters for the mounting points to be moved to the side of the engine instead of using transmission mounting points. In this article, we will be using a regular transmission mounting point.
Gas prices always seem to be lower in the winter than in the summer. All the things that make gas prices rise and fall can be pretty convoluted, and a lot of factors play into seasonal price differences. There’s higher demand in the summer, with people going on vacations, and generally getting out more and doing more driving. The biggest factor that makes gas cost more in the summer is that the gasoline is actually different.Continue Reading
Remember Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, the kids’ musical about the flying car? Did you know it was based on a real car? The real one couldn’t fly (at least not in the literal sense), but it did have one thing in common with an airplane: the engine.
In the early days of motoring, there really was no replacement for displacement. Engineers hadn’t yet figured out how to make reliable engines that ran over 3000 RPM. The only way to squeeze more horsepower out of an engine was to increase the volume.
Many very large engined cars were designed for racing and to test land speed records in the early 20th century. Arguably the original was the famed Blitzen Benz, whose 21.5 liter engine could output 200 horsepower at 1,500 RPM. Not wanting to be outdone, Fiat constructed the Tipo S67, using a 28.5 liter, four cylinder airship engine. The S67 could output 300 hp at 1,900 RPM. Continue Reading
Have you ever seen a 1996 Jeep Wrangler? How about a 2001 Cadillac Escalade? If you’re about to say yes, hold on and think again. A number of models through automotive history have skipped model years.
Even though your car may have been manufactured or sold in that year doesn’t mean that’s what year it is. If that sounds confusing, it’s because model years are confusing. Though a car might be, for example, a 2015, doesn’t mean it was actually built in 2015. Car companies want to have the car already at dealerships by the start of the year. So, in most cases, the new model year is released in the last quarter of the previous calendar year. A 2015 might be introduced in October 2014, say.
That’s not a hard and fast rule, though. Automakers can release a new model year as early as January 2 of the previous calendar year. That is to say, a 2015 car can be sold as early as January 2, 2014. Sometimes car companies will make a new generation of a car an early release. In other cases they might extend the sales of one model year into the next calendar year if the new generation is not yet ready. That is how most skipped model years happened. Here’s a quick chronological list Continue Reading
Winter tires, or snow tires, as some people call them, can be a big benefit in winter driving. They give your wheels a better grip on the road, which means you’ll have better traction, handling and braking.
There are two main differences between winter tires and your standard, all-weather tires. First, winter tires are made of a more pliable form of rubber than all-seasons. Rubber tends to get stiff when it’s cold. A stiff tire won’t flex to conform to the road. That means your tire has less contact with the road when it’s cold. Pliable snow tires do better meeting their surface against the road.
The other major difference is that snow tires have something called sipes. If you look at a snow tire up close, you’ll notice that in addition to the treads there are tiny little inlets (much thinner than the tread grooves). These are the sipes. The sipes Continue Reading
You’re driving down a back country road at night. Over the howls of the wind, you can hear a rattle and clunking. Is your car haunted or do you just need to fix your suspension? Here are 5 signs that your shocks or struts might be ready to pass on to the great beyond:
1. A Sinking Feeling
Worn springs can lead to decreased ride height. Check your ride height and then compare it to specifications for your model. If you’re riding too low, it’s time to replace your shocks and springs. You might also notice that your car bottoms out on rough roads, speed bumps, or when you’re coming into or out of your driveway.
2. It’s Alive!
You might notice that your ride is livelier that you’d like it to be. Continue Reading